Timurid tile with Kufic inscription

Monumental, lavishly decorated architectural projects were a distinctive feature of the arts under the patronage of Timurid rulers whose territories encompassed present-day Iran, Central Asia and the Caucasus as well as parts of India, Syria and Anatolia between the 14th and 16th centuries. This carved and glazed calligraphic tile would have been part of a revetment for a mausoleum, such as those in the Shah-i Zinda necropolis in Samarkand, present-day Uzbekistan, which housed several members of its dynasty founder, Timur. Although a distinctive Timurid style was to emerge that influenced Safavid Iran and the Mughal emperors of India, carved and glazed terracotta was an existing, pre-conquest local technique that yielded highly attractive results and appeared to be employed only in the 14th century. Set against a scrolling floriated ground is an intricate, plaited Kufic inscription in Arabic which would have been repeated throughout the revetment. The inscription reads as “al-mulk [li’-llah]” meaning “Sovereignty is [for God]”, a phrase often seen on monuments, tiles, pottery, woodwork and metalwork.

Date/Period
Late 14th century
Region
Western Central Asia
Dimension
Object Size: 22.8 x 26.8 x 8.8 cm
Accession No.
2016-00208
Material
Turquoise glaze on stone-paste
Collection of
Asian Civilisations Museum
Category
Ceramics