Making of Chinese Musical Instruments
The craft of making musical instruments such as the Chinese flute (dizi, 笛子) and the Chinese violin (erhu, 二胡) is a rare skill as they have to be hand-crafted from materials like bamboo and redwood. The craftsmen are also required to balance out the tone and range of individual instruments to ensure good acoustics.
Making of Joss Sticks
Joss sticks are made by grinding cinnamon bark into a fine powder and mixing the powder with water to form dough. A typical joss stick consists of two layers of joss dough, which each take about two weeks to dry. Additional designs like dragons, deities and temple motifs, which may be carved on the sticks after the dough has dried, can take from 30 minutes to 10 hours to craft depending on their complexity. While many businesses have switched to using machines to produce joss sticks, some businesses still continue to make them by hand.
Making of Traditional Chinese Lanterns
Chinese lanterns can be divided into two broad categories, the Teochew lantern and the Fuzhou lantern. The Teochew lantern’s frame is made by criss-crossing bamboo splints while the frame of the Fuzhou lantern is made out of parallel bamboo splints held in place by the top and bottom bases. Both lanterns are decorated by sticking strips of cloth onto the frame using glue, then painted over with drawings of phoenixes or dragons, auspicious words or family names.
Traditional Indian Beautification Practices
There are a variety of traditional Indian beautification practices, and henna art and eyebrow threading are two of the more common practices. Henna dye is obtained from the leaves of the henna tree, and contains a pigment that leaves a dark stain on the skin. Henna art is usually drawn on the hands and feet of Indian women before their wedding ceremony. Eyebrow threading is a practice originating from India where cotton threads are used to remove excess hair on various parts of the face, such as the upper lip, chin, sideburns and cheeks. It has become a popular method of hair removal among women in recent years.