Wushu (武术), also known as Chinese martial arts, originated in China. There are two different types of wushu: taolu (套路, choreographed movements) and sanda (散打, sparring, in the form of punches and kicks). Taolu may be further divided into “traditional” and “contemporary” categories. The former includes fist and weapon routines while the latter’s routines may either be fixed or choreographed.
In the past, wushu was practiced mainly by the Chinese community because it started out as a sport within Chinese clan associations. Today, wushu is a sport that anyone can participate in, regardless of age or race. Competitions are held regularly among schools, and a sizeable number of schools have wushu clubs. Wushu has also been increasingly practised as a competitive sport at national and international competitions such as the Southeast Asian Games.
Apart from the Singapore Wushu Dragon and Lion Dance Federation (formerly known as the Singapore National Pugilistic Federation), which is a national organisation that oversees the promotion of wushu, dragon and lion dance activities, there are many other associations and organisations offering wushu classes for interested individuals.
In Singapore, wushu is regularly featured in the Chingay Parade, an annual parade held around Chinese New Year which includes different cultural performances from major ethnic groups in Singapore.