Malay Musical Ensemble
A typical Malay music ensemble comprises various percussion, wind and string instruments like gong, suling (a bamboo flute) and gambus (a 12-stringed lute) respectively. However, recent innovations have resulted in Western instruments like violin, flute and accordion being incorporated into the ensemble.
Kirtans are the performance of devotional music from the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, typically put on in gurdwaras (Sikh temples). A musical recitation of the Guru Granth Sahib is known as Shabad Kirtan, and various Sikh associations in Singapore offer programmes to teach youths how to perform kirtans.