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  • Johnston's and Clifford Pier

    1973 Upgrade to Clifford Pier and Change Alley

    Named after Alexander Laurie Johnston, one of Singapore’s earliest European settlers, Johnston’s Pier was also affectionately known as Lampu Merah (Malay) or Ang Teng (Hokkien), which means “Red Lamp”. This was in reference to the red lantern hung at the end of the pier that served as a warning for incoming sea-faring vessels. Johnston’s Pier was the predecessor to what most people would recognise as Clifford Pier today.

  • First National Day Parade in Singapore

    March Past by Chinese Cultural Group

    Although nation-wide celebrations marking Singapore’s self-governance began from as early as 1960, 9 August 1966 remains the historic day that Singapore held her first National Day Parade as an independent nation. The theme for the first National Day Parade was “National Pride and Confidence in the Future”.

  • Green Bus Company

    A close-up of one of the buses owned and operated by Green Bus Company. Photograph courtesy of Patrick Ong

    The Green Bus Company was formerly known as Rochor Bus Co. and established in 1935 by Ong Kim Hock’s brothers and other partners with a fleet of about 35 buses.

  • MacDonald House Bombing

    MacDonald House bombing

    The MacDonald House bombing was the worse of the 42 bombings that occurred in Singapore during the period of Indonesian Confrontation or Konfrontasi (1963-1966), an era that arose as a result of Indonesia’s opposition to Singapore’s merger with Malaya.

  • Opening of the National Stadium

    Singapore Youth Festival Opening Ceremony 1988

    The old National Stadium, or the Grand Old Dame of Kallang, as it was affectionately called, was a site that brought and saw Singaporeans from all walks of life gather in unity to cheer their hearts out. It was a place where students proudly bore their school colours, where local heroes were born and where national records were broken.

  • Beginnings of the Singapore Improvement Trust and Tiong Bahru Estate

    Singapore Improvement Trust flats dating to 1950s

    Established in 1920 following recommendations of a housing commission set up to review living conditions of the overcrowded central area of Singapore, the Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT) grew out of an idea first mooted more than a decade earlier in an editorial of The Singapore Free Press. SIT's first major housing project was Kampong Tiong Bahru.

  • Launch of the Mass Rapid Transit System

    Commemoration of the Delivery of the First MRT Trains

    In the late 1970s, Singapore had in place an efficient bus network, but planning studies conducted during that time anticipated transportation problems with Singapore’s booming population and rising expectations for transport efficiency. Although the MRT line opened to its first passengers in 1987, talks for a potential MRT system as part of the transport infrastructure in Singapore began as early as in the late 1960s.

  • Goh Keng Swee

    Dr Goh Keng Swee celebrating victory at 1963 Legislative Assembly General Elections

    Dr Goh Keng Swee is often referred to as the architect of modern Singapore. He played a key role in the founding of the People’s Action Party, and has held the post of Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Finance, Defence, Education, as well as the being the chairman of the Monetary Authority of Singapore and other government-led companies.

  • The Golden Era of Singapore Cinema

    A Scene from Lanchang Kuning

    The golden era of Singapore cinema occurred within a 25-year period from the late 1940s to the early 1970s, when hundreds of films were filmed and produced in Singapore by two major film empires, Cathay Organisation and Shaw Brothers.

  • Hock Lee Bus Riots

    Riot Police using a high-power water jet to disperese rioters

    On 12 May 1955, a strike broke out at the Hock Lee Bus Company along Alexandra Road after 229 members of the Singapore Bus Workers’ Union felt that they were unfairly dismissed. The strike soon escalated into a full-scale riot between police, workers and about 2,000 Chinese middle-school students, resulting in the loss of four lives and 31 others injured.

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